Archive for February 1, 2024

Thursday, February 1, 2024

Amazon Charging for IPv4 Addresses


As you may know, IPv4 addresses are an increasingly scarce resource and the cost to acquire a single public IPv4 address has risen more than 300% over the past 5 years. This change reflects our own costs and is also intended to encourage you to be a bit more frugal with your use of public IPv4 addresses and to think about accelerating your adoption of IPv6 as a modernization and conservation measure.

Andree Toonk (via Hacker News):

Effective February 1, 2024, there will be a charge of $0.005 per IP per hour for all public IPv4 addresses, whether attached to a service or not. That’s a total of $43.80 per year, a pretty hefty number!


Crunching all that data, we can determine that Amazon has at least 131,932,752 IPv4 addresses.


Given this data, I believe it’s fair to say that AWS will likely make anywhere between $400 Million and $1 Billion dollars a year with this new IPv4 charge!


What’s really offensive about this is that AWS does not have good enough IPv6 support for most customers to migrate off of IPv4, even if they want to.


The End of Adobe XD?

Brody Ford (via Hacker News):

Adobe Inc. will end its effort to create a web design product to rival Figma Inc. after the collapse of its proposed $20 billion acquisition of the startup.

When it agreed to buy Figma, which helps users design app and website interfaces, Adobe put its competing program XD in “maintenance mode,” ceasing to launch new features or sell it individually. The deal to purchase Figma fell apart under regulatory pressure in December and the creative software giant hadn’t announced whether it would resurrect XD or attempt to build another competitor.


How to Mount HFS Classic Drives

Matthew Hughes (via Colin Cornaby):

Drives using the antiquated vintage HFS file system appear in Disk Utility, but you cannot mount them. Attempting to do so will produce the following error code: “ error 49153“.

Fortunately, there’s a relatively straightforward workaround — provided you’re confident enough with the Terminal. This requires you to install the HomeBrew package manager. Instructions can be found here.

Once you’ve done that, you’ll need to download the hfsutils application.

The files cannot be directly accessed in Finder, but there are shell tools to list folders and copy files.

How to Choose and Customize a Mechanical Keyboard

Henri Robbins (Hacker News):

Linear switches have straight “legs” on the sliders that allow for a smooth and consistent key press. Because of this, they have no bump and will be faster to type on, but they won’t have a physical indicator to tell you when the key has been pressed.

Tactile switches have small bumps on their legs that create an increase in resistance right before the switch is actuated, resulting in a “tactile bump.” While this can make typing more precise, it also means your typing experience may be less smooth, and rapid inputs will have more delay between them, since you’ll have to completely remove your finger from the key.

Clicky switches are not as common as linear or tactile switches. They use a multipiece mechanism to create tactility instead of a bump, such as a click jacket, click bar, or click leaf; these switches are characterized by a strong bump and a distinct “click” sound when typing. Functionally, clickies have the same benefits and downsides of a tactile switch, to a slightly stronger degree.

MX-style switches, which have a cross-shaped stem and two metal pins on the bottom, were originally patented by Cherry, and the patent has since expired, leading to multiple different manufacturers making their variations of these switches.


Typically, wired keyboards will be compatible with both MacOS and Windows, and any programmable keyboards using QMK, VIA, or VIAL can be reprogrammed to work with either operating system.

I recently tried the NuPhy Air75 V2 (Amazon) with Gateron Cowberry switches. These are low-profile but still have a lot more travel, noise, clickiness than Apple’s current keyboards. (I can no longer read the official description of them because it appears they’re no longer available. Link fixed.) Though I like the feel of the keyboard, I unfortunately cannot recommend it because of a variety of problems. The F# keys only work as media keys, no matter how you configure System Settings. NuPhy support confirmed that macOS cannot use them for custom keyboard shortcuts. The fn key doesn’t work for standalone taps (e.g. to enable dictation) or combined with another key (e.g. the built-in fn-E shortcut for opening the emoji picker). There is no firmware updater for Mac. I also found that the keyboard made my Magic Mouse less smooth and sometimes disconnect from Bluetooth.