Friday, August 26, 2016

Keystroke Recognition Using Wi-Fi Signals

Kamran Ali et al. (PDF, via Paul Fenwick, Hacker News):

In this paper, we show for the first time that WiFi signals can also be exploited to recognize keystrokes. The intuition is that while typing a certain key, the hands and fingers of a user move in a unique formation and direction and thus generate a unique pattern in the time-series of Channel State Information (CSI) values, which we call CSI-waveform for that key. In this paper, we propose a WiFi signal based keystroke recognition system called WiKey. WiKey consists of two Commercial Off-The-Shelf (COTS) WiFi devices, a sender (such as a router) and a receiver (such as a laptop). The sender continuously emits signals and the receiver continuously receives signals. When a human subject types on a keyboard, WiKey recognizes the typed keys based on how the CSI values at the WiFi signal receiver end. We implemented the WiKey system using a TP-Link TL-WR1043ND WiFi router and a Lenovo X200 laptop. WiKey achieves more than 97.5% detection rate for detecting the keystroke and 96.4% recognition accuracy for classifying single keys. In real-world experiments, WiKey can recognize keystrokes in a continuously typed sentence with an accuracy of 93.5%.

Update (2016-08-30): See also: Bruce Schneier.

3 Comments RSS · Twitter

[…] Keystroke Recognition via WiFi […]

With my Das Keyboard being as loud as it is, someone could definitely pick up my keystroke patterns. However, touchscreen keyboards are immune to this exploit, to a degree. Depends on how much ambient noise is in the room.

[…] Michael Tsai – Blog – Keystroke Recognition Using Wi-Fi Signals […]

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